Publications on Ecology

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Why the European Green Deal needs ecofeminism

Report

This report maps the gender gaps and opportunities in the EU’s flagship European Green Deal. It explores how, though gender issues affect environmental policies and vice-versa, they are not integrated into the European Green Deal, and provides recommendations on how to move from gender-blind to gender-transformative environmental policies. These include intersectional and gender equal environmental objectives, moving towards a feminist economy of well-being and care and ensuring the use of gender mainstreaming methodologies in environmental policies.

Nuclear factsheet 30 April 2021

Nuclear: not the answer to the climate emergency

Factsheet

The debate in France today on choosing the electricity mix is set against the backdrop of an ageing production infrastructure that is earmarked for replacement. So, what electricity mix is the answer? And does the country need to build new nuclear reactors in order to have decarbonised electricity?

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Towards a clean and sustainable energy system: 26 criteria nuclear power does not meet

E-paper

Nuclear energy has been brought back into the European energy debate due to populist power. Currently, a complex debate is taking place within the EU about whether nuclear power should be part of the Taxonomy for Sustainable Activities. To determine whether nuclear energy can, or even should, play a role in future energy policy, it must fulfil basic criteria of sustainability.

European Mobility Atlas 2021 cover

European Mobility Atlas 2021

Atlas

Sustainable transport and mobility are key to tackle the climate crisis and to achieve the targets of the European Green Deal. However, transport today accounts for nearly 30 percent of the CO₂ emissions within the European Union. How can the EU reduce its transport and mobility emissions while connecting citizens, creating green jobs and leading the innovation in the sector?

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Sustainable Transport Around Europe

Map

Transport amounts for more than 30 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in Europe. Mobility is a key element of the interconnected European Union and its neighbours. Rail is and has been the way to connect Europe sustainably, by night trains and high-speed connections. The sustainable showcase projects have been chosen in order to raise the interest in ‘special’ new mobility projects.

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CAP Reform Post 2020: Lost in Ambition?

Report

Throughout 2020, ARC2020’s Matteo Metta, along with Hans Wetzels and Rosa Melina Armijo Campos have worked on the Common Agriculture Policy, CAP, specifically the unfolding of the CAP Strategic Plans process. This work has formed the content of their dedicated CAP Strategic Plans section, and the new report which has been compiled from these policy analysis pieces.

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Europe Sustainable Development Report 2020

Study

The Europe Sustainable Development Report 2020 is the second edition of an independent quantitative report on the progress of the European Union and its member states towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report was prepared by teams of independent experts at the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP).

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Artificial Intelligence and Climate Change

E-paper

With the increasing deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies across society, it is important to understand in which ways AI may accelerate or impede climate progress, and how various stakeholders can guide those developments.

Amazonia Today

Amazonia today

Study

The rate of deforestation  in Amazonia during the Bolsonaro era has risen dramatically, now also spurred by the Covid-19 crisis. This publication takes closer look at the complex social, economic and political causes of deforestation and land degradation in the so-called "lungs of the planet".

Carbon Pricing

Pricing carbon

Study

Both in Germany and internationally, the debate on the pricing of greenhouse gas emissions is experiencing a renaissance. However, an enlightened and realistic discussion of ways and means is needed so that CO2 pricing instruments can play a stronger role in climate policy. In this study, climate and energy expert Felix Chr. Matthes of the Öko-Institut examines the relevant elements of a CO2 pricing strategy. He gives an overview of design criteria and mechanisms of action.

 

DOs & DON'Ts

Flyer

Nineteen Dos and nine Don'ts explained, which are helpful for developing a successful Global Biodiversity Framework.

An EU Green Deal for Trade Policy and the Environment

An EU Green Deal for trade policy and the environment

Study

The EU is the world's largest trading bloc. It provides the biggest export market for around 80 countries; and EU Member States account for 16% of world imports and exports. Consequently, the EU has a considerable impact on third countries through trade, including the way in which international trade is conducted and how environmental and wider sustainability related aspects are addressed. This policy paper explores what a truly green EU trade policy under the EU Green Deal should look like.

Perspectives #02/2019

Perspectives #02/2019: Ecological and Social Transformation in Africa: Rethinking food systems for a +2°C world

This special edition of Perspectives was compiled with the Heinrich Böll Foundation’s North Africa offices and the Transform Africa project. It is dedicated to the emerging conversation of alternative approaches that challenge the historical bias towards the industrialisation of agriculture and the food system as the main strategy to address food insecurity while preparing for a +2°C world.

A Budget to address Climate Emergency

A Budget to address the Climate Emergency

Study

This briefing is an overview of the EU’s plans to fund and boost climate action. It also provides policy guidelines and recommendations to EU institutions and national governments as to how to finance a European Green Deal and ensure a smoother transition to a climate neutral economy. Furthermore, it advises civil society organisations on how to engage in the process and ensure a consistent and independent monitoring of progress that will be made in the coming years.

Europe - Sustainable Development Report

2019 Europe Sustainable Development Report

Report

The 2019 Europe Sustainable Development Report compares the performance of the EU and its 28 member states on all 17 SDGs and provides detailed country profiles using a mix of data sources. As the new European Commission prepares the European Green Deal, the report sheds light on the key economic, social and environmental sustainability challenges faced by the member states and the European Union as a whole in their progress towards SDGs.

World Nuclear Waste Report - Focus Europe (WNWR)

The World Nuclear Waste Report 2019

Study

The amount of nuclear waste is growing worldwide. But even 70 years after the beginning of the nuclear age, no country in the world has found a real solution for the radiating legacy of nuclear power.

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Plastic Atlas 2019

Atlas

Plastic is ubiquitous: we use it for life-saving medical devices, clothing, toys and cosmetics; we use it in agriculture and industry. But we also know the growing risk of plastic waste in the environment, landfills and the oceans. We have only just begun to understand the huge dimensions of this crisis. A change of course requires in-depth knowledge of the causes, interests, responsibilities and effects of the plastics crisis. The Plastics Atlas 2019 wants to offer exactly that in 19 chapters.

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Climate Change and the EU Budget 2021-2027

E-Paper

The EU, its institutions and all Member States must prioritize urgent action in order to implement the Paris Agreement's goal to limit the increase in temperatures to 1.5°C. The MFF 2021-2027 is the last investment cycle to help change course, and a stronger climate performance is urgently needed to reach our 2030 climate targets.

Governing Ecologically

Study

In voter surveys, the German Greens regularly come out as the party deemed to have by far the greatest competency in this area and in energy policy as well. This study by Arne Jungjohann tries to answer if this image is justified, as it looks at the subnational level of the federal states.

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Agriculture Atlas 2019

Atlas

Facts and Figures on EU Farming Policy: No other economic activity is so closely interwoven with the human and natural environment as is agriculture. If farming changes, so too the ecological and social systems that it hosts must change. The Agriculture Atlas shows how closely Europe’s agriculture is intertwined with our lives and our living space and pushes for a better, fundamentally different set of agricultural policies.

World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2018

Study

The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2018 (WNISR2018) provides a comprehensive overview of nuclear power plant data, including information on age, operation, production and construction. WNISR2018 has put particular attention to seven Focus Countries representing about two thirds of the global fleet. 

Reinforcing Environmental Dimensions of European Foreign and Security Policy

Policy Paper

The paper outlines the environmental dimension of the European security policy and security-related foreign policy and discusses how the integration of environmental concerns into this policy framework could – and should – be improved to support the delivery of the 2030 Sustainability Agenda, both in the EU and globally.

World Bank Investments in Palm Oil May Undermine EU Decisions

Policy Brief

The rapid development of Indonesia’s palm oil industry, particularly over the last four decades, which to some extent has been ‘development at all costs’, has generated significant revenues but has caused simultaneously massive environmental degradation. Human rights violations in palm oil plantations are also widely documented.

Radical Realism for Climate Justice

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial is feasibleThis publication is a civil society response to the challenge of limiting global warming to 1.5°C while also paving the way for climate justice.

Energy Atlas 2018

Atlas

The European Energy Atlas shows a clear alternative: It not only provides a compass on the different energy discussions in different Member States but also reveals how a Europeanization of the energy transition will be the more efficient and cost-effective option for all Europeans.

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The Future of Europe and the Future of Climate Action

The EU is still getting to grips with the need to transition to a fully decarbonised economy, the political economy challenges of deep decarbonisation, the need to develop a regime to manage climate risk, and with aligning its own efforts with those of non-state actors such as cities and progressive businesses. How does climate governance fit within the ‘Future of Europe’ process led by the European Commission?

Ocean Atlas 2017

Atlas

Without the ocean there would be no life on our planet. But the future of this unique ecosystem faces a grave threat today. The Ocean Atlas 2017 delivers with its 18 contributions and 50 graphics the relevant facts and figures about the ocean.

The Road from Paris to Sustainable Development - Effectively Integrating Human Rights and Gender Equality into Climate Actions of EU Institutions

Publication

Linking human rights and a gender-responsive approach to climate actions, can avoid harmful unintended consequences and maximize social benefits of programmes and projects. This interim report provides a general assessment of how to effectively integrate human rights and gender equality as well as the broader SDG agenda into EU climate actions.

EU-MENA Renewable Energy Cooperation

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are blessed with huge and diversified renewable energy potential. Given the ever-increasing role of renewables in the energy mix of the EU, renewable energy cooperation has been a major pillar of the EU-MENA partnership.

European Cities and Citizens delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals

How can European cities and citizens deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals, what do they mean for European cities and how can citizens and grassroots initiatives help implement them? We discussed with various stakeholders on concrete examples of transformative and replicable actions coming from sub-national governments and civil society organisations.

A Progressive Approach to Climate Challenges: The EU and the Latin American and Caribbean Region Working Together

The European Union and the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region have already got an increasing experience of cooperation in this field, either under the context of EUROCLIMA or other specific EU programmes or on the basis of bilateral cooperation between different countries in each region. This paper suggests new precise proposals, complementary to the ongoing work on many different subjects such as REDD, agriculture, early warning systems.

Green Jobs Tour 2014

At the top of a spoil heap in Loos-en-Gohelle, participants from the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung’s Green Jobs Tour 2014 reflected on their 7-day journey through Poland, Germany and France.

L'Atlas de la Viande 2014

Atlas

Comment des consommateurs normaux peuvent-ils comprendre les effets causés par leur consommation de viande ? Combien de personnes réalisent que notre demande de viande est directement responsable du défrichement de la forêt amazonienne ? Sommes-nous conscients des impacts de l’élevage industriel sur la pauvreté et la faim, les déplacements de populations et la migration, sur le bien-être animal, ou sur le changement climatique et la biodiversité ?

The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2014

Study

Three years after Fukushima, global nuclear power generation continues to decline. This year's report states that the nuclear share in the world's power generation declined steadily from a historic peak of 17.6 percent in 1996 to 10.8 percent in 2013. If it weren’t for the World Nuclear Industry Status Report, we probably wouldn’t know. This is because the nuclear industry is working hard to have us believe quite the opposite: that the world is seeing a nuclear renaissance.

The German Coal Conundrum

The focus on the Energiewende has increasingly shifted to the role of coal in Germany. Arne Jungjohann and Craig Morris take a critical and historical look at the German coal situation and find that coal is in fact not making a comeback in Germany.

Resource Politics for a Fair Future

In this Memorandum the notion of new politics is introduced to look at current conflicts around resource use as a complex set of interactions between nature, humans, interests, power relations and cultures. With this text the Heinrich Böll Foundation offers a perspective which combines democracy, ecology and human rights and lays out fundamental ways forward that can form the basis for fair and sustainable Resource Politics.

Renewables: The Only Path to a Secure, Affordable and Climate-friendly Energy System by 2030

This paper demonstrates that an expansion of renewable energy sources is the only path to a secure, affordable and climate-friendly energy system until 2030 and beyond. Renewables not only drastically reduce emissions and other environmental and social burdens; they also reduce energy import dependency and hence increase energy security, strengthen local economies, and create jobs.

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Greening the Heartlands of Coal in Europe

Germany’s energy transition, or Energiewende, has been a success story thus far in terms of renewable electricity production (especially solar PV and onshore wind), technological innovation, job creation, and citizen involvement in clean-energy generation, among other areas. Yet there is room for improvement.

TTIP and Fossil Fuel Subsidies

In this report, we assess the potential of three relatively promising international processes - the focus on fossil fuel subsidy (FFS) reform in the G20 group, the Sustainable Develoment Goals (SDGs), and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) - to act as possible routs to reform in a transtlantic context.

A European Union for Renewable Energy – Policy Options for Better Grids and Support Schemes

Our publication “A European Union for Renewable Energy” provides a collection of innovative policy ideas for better grids and support schemes for renewable energy sources. The report argues for an enhanced European cooperation in order to facilitate the shift towards renewable energy sources. More coordination at the European level would increase security of supply, reduce costs, enhance innovation and foster the competitiveness of the European economy.

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Going Green: Chemicals

The chemical industry is extremely important for Germany. For many, however, the chemical industry is also associated with environmental pollution, high risks and greenhouse gas emissions. The study Going Green: Chemicals describes the changes needed in the chemical industry in Germany and the European Union in order to meet environmental and climate protection targets while, at the same time, remaining competitive.

“Energiewende” or “nuclear energy”? From coexistence to a common vision for European renewable energy.

By comparing these energy policies, the objective was to jointly discuss collaboratively the future of the European energy transition, around the French-German duo. This conference was part of the GET@EU project (The German Energy Transition in the European Context), which aims at strengthening dialogue and exchange on energy transition issues between Germany and its European neighbours.