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Geoengineering in the European Union

EU-financed projects and their implications for the European Green Deal
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The notion of geoengineering includes a wide array of technologies that seek to intervene in and alter earth systems on a large scale – a “technofix” to climate change. There are many reasons to be wary of these technologies. They do not address the underlying causes of climate change themselves, anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, thereby delaying the implementation of a transition away from fossil fuels. Moreover, as they are very pricy, they redirect funding and investments away from real climate solutions.

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Date of Publication
November 2021
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union
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Language of publication
Table of contents

1 The European Green Deal mentions CCS and CCU as possible measures to implement the declared
climate targets
2. The European Union has not met its own targets for testing CCS – yet CCS is regardedas a “climate and resource frontrunner” under the European Green Deal
3. The European Hydrogen Strategy relies on blue hydrogen in the short and medium term – and thus on an immature technology with high GHG emissions
4. EU funding increasingly plays a role in financing geoengineering projects
5. The role of geoengineering in nationally elaborated climate plans gaps widely
6. The number of geoengineering actors in the EU is increasing
7. Geoengineering is not compatible with the goals of the European Green Deal – and may even make it more difficult to achieve them