Roadmap to 100% renewable energy in the EU

Europe strives to become the first climate neutral continent by 2050. To achieve this objective, it must now lay the foundations for an energy system based entirely on renewable energy. It is clear that solar and wind power deployment has to be accelerated, an integrated strategy across all sectors of production and consumption has to be developed, and that power infrastructure needs to be improved to enable sector integration and cross-border electricity trade. Current developments have also brought the external dimension of the energy transition to the foreground. Europe will continue to import energy in a 100% renewable system. This will be particularly true for renewable gases, but also increasingly for electricity. Europe therefore has a vital interest in building a global hydrogen economy that respects development needs of its partner countries. Another challenge is Europe’s dependence on the import of raw materials and intermediate products in photo-voltaic module production.

Political debates about Europe’s energy transition constrained by deeply ingrained beliefs, concerns about energy prices, vested commercial interests and a perceived clash between security and sustainability considerations. To navigate these complex challenges, the Heinrich Böll Foundation European Union and Environmental Action Germany (Deutsche Umwelthilfe) has convened a group of experts from different EU Member States to develop a Roadmap to 100% Renewable Energy in the EU.


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Mind the gap: Addressing the deficits in the EU’s green industrial agenda

Interim report

Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union and Environmental Action Germany (Deutsche Umwelthilfe) have convened a group of over 20 experts from academia, industry, civil society and policy makers to discuss and identify several important policy gaps in the EU’s approach to renewable energy, which should be addressed to ensure that the EU’s new climate and industry agenda becomes as effective and globally equitable as it can be.


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Overview of EU electricity market design: implications of the renewable rollout


The European Commission has proposed a reform in the electricity market design. Both the technical implementation of the reform and the notion that marginal pricing is to blame are contested, and have significant implications with regard to investments in renewable energy sources (RES). This factsheet summarizes the key changes proposed in the reform, whilst focusing on their effects regarding the integration of RES into the European energy system and the flexibility potential required to achieve this integration.

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EU public finance landscape for cleantech


To meet the EU climate targets, policymakers need to support both the rapid deployment and manufacturing of cleantech, while also strengthening the EU’s research and innovation ecosystem. Next to this, they need to consider a range of questions. How will their policy response deliver quality jobs for citizens? How will it bolster the EU’s resilience vis-à-vis Russia or China? And finally, how will it support the EU’s economic competitiveness in an era when large economies have entered a cleantech race? This factsheet reviews existing EU funding initiatives to accomplish this endeavour.

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The future role of gas in a climate-neutral Europe


The EU must put an end to unabated fossil gas use by 2050 at the latest to comply with its climate neutrality objective. To stay within the Paris Agreement target of 1.5°C, the use of unabated fossil gas would have to end significantly earlier – by 2035. This report outlines the implications of this challenge for the management of the energy transition in a way that rapidly phases out Russian gas imports, protects security of supply and energy-poor consumers as well as the climate.

Böll·Europe Podcast #5 | The future role of gas in a climate-neutral Europe

Podcast episode
Achieving a climate-friendly Europe by 2050 is the EU's long-term goal.  In the short run, it means stopping using fossil gas almost entirely much sooner. To limit global warming to 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels and stay in the Paris Agreement, the demand must end  by 2035.

Böll·Europe Podcast #8 | Cleantech and Europe: what’s next?

Podcast episode
In February 2023, the European Commission presented a Green Deal Industrial Plan to enhance the competitiveness of Europe's net-zero industry and support the fast transition towards climate neutrality.