Global perspectives on Covid-19 vaccination_Henry Jimenez Guanipa_FINAL.png

Global perspectives on Covid-19 vaccination - Access to the Covid-19 vaccine in Venezuela

For free

This study is part of the series "No one is safe until everyone is safe - Global perspectives on Covid-19 vaccination" by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung's European Union and Washington, DC offices.


The outbreak of the pandemic could have spelled disaster for Venezuela, already two decades into a political, social, economic and health crisis. The combination of a collapsed national health system and economy, a complex humanitarian emergency, a continuous stream of migration, an internal political conflict with international ramifications, a population with high levels of malnutrition, has seriously hindered the development of a successful vaccination programme. Thus far,  Venezuela has administered the fewest number of Covid-19 vaccinations in relation to its population size of all the countries in South America.

Product details
Date of Publication
June 2021
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union and Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Washington, DC
Language of publication
Table of contents

Venezuela in Crisis

General Overview of the Pandemic

Complex Humanitarian Emergency: Causes and Effects of the Pandemic

Vaccination Programme

The Role of International Entities

Primary Entities: USA-EU and China-Russia-Cuba

International Entities Within the COVAX Framework

Conclusions and Recommendations