This study is part of the series "Shaping the Future of Multilateralism - Inclusive Pathways to a Just and Crisis-Resilient Global Order" by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung's European Union and Washington, DC offices.
On the EU’s periphery, Serbia has deployed enough biometric surveillance technology from China’s Huawei for law enforcement and “Safe City” solutions to cover practically all of Belgrade’s public spaces. Public pressure has raised the bar for turning on the technology, but the alarming project illustrates the need for transparent regulation of such systems everywhere, to ensure the protection of fundamental human rights.
Table of contents
Biometrics in Belgrade: Serbia’s path shows broader dangers of surveillance state
The road to biometric mass surveillance in Belgrade
Legal aspects of biometric mass surveillance
What‘s next in Europe?
Steps towards a multilateral response