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Climate, land use change and the EU-Mercosur Agreement: Accelerating tipping points

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Provisions in the EU-Mercosur FTA conflict with ambitious climate action. If enacted, the agreement would result in an increase in EU imports of primary agricultural commodities from a region critical for maintaining global biodiversity and regulating climate. Based on available information, if ratified, the EU-Mercosur agreement would:

  • Incentivize socially and environmentally destructive land use change, edging the Amazon further towards its “tipping point”
  • Facilitate further destruction of the Gran Chaco and the Cerrado
  • Increase greenhouse gas emissions, undermining climate goals in both regions
  • Fail to ensure supply chain traceability and sustainability standards, effectively empowering agribusinesses in both regions to expand business as usual


Read more factsheets on the EU-Mercosur free trade agreement here.

Product details
Date of Publication
December 2020
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union and the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
Number of Pages
Language of publication