Countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are blessed with huge and diversified renewable energy potential, in particular wind and solar energy. Given the ever-increasing role of renewable energy sources (RES) in the energy mix of EU Member States and the EU approach to endorse sustainability and climate protection in its external partnerships, renewable energy cooperation has been a major pillar of the EU-MENA partnership. In the run-up to COP22 and the announcement of new RES targets during COP21, this strategic partnership could serve as a major instrument for raising the climate ambition of the countries from these regions, sending a strong signal to investors that the renewable energy transition process is already happening and has a strong institutional backing. In a long-term perspective, this regional energy partnership could lead to an integrated sustainable energy market, improve energy security in the region, decrease vulnerability to external shocks, and bring more benefits for the local population.
Date of Publication
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union
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