South Caucasus


100 Years after: the Countries of the South Caucasus from the Declaration of Independence till 2018

In order to commemorate 100 years anniversary since the declaration of independence of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, the South Caucasus Regional Office of the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung asked political scientists and historians to write analytical articles that would on the one hand, reflect on the main foreign and internal priorities of the first republics and on the other hand, analyze what was the impact of the short-lived experiences of statehood on the democratic political culture of the South Caucasus. The authors have analyzed the issue of legacy of the independent republics (1918-20/21): How and from which perspective are the Azerbaijani, Armenian and Georgian republics discussed in current context? Are current political parties considered as inheritors of the political parties that existed during 1918-21 and even before? How is this legacy reflected?

Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (1918-20): Origins, Milestones and Legacy


Undoubtedly the emergence of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (ADR) was the by-product of a broad range of processes and dynamics in and around of the Caucasus, the developments in the Tsarist Russia as well as in the neighbouring countries of the Russian Caucasus, the Ottoman Empire and Persia. The elites of the ADR, both of Muslim and of non-Muslim faith were socialized in the late Romanov period. Azərbaycan dilində

By Zaur Gasimov

The “Garbage Bin” Approach to History and its Discontents


For a people whose history covers a few millennia, the significance of the First Republic of Armenia far exceeds the number of years it lasted. Other than the Genocide that preceded it, I doubt that there is another period of two and one-half years that has received more attention by scholars, memoirists, and polemicists. հայերեն

By Jirair Libaridian

Pitfalls of Eurasian Multiculturalism


Putin’s regime promotes a vision of Russia as a state of Eurasian civilisation. According to him multiculturalism is an integral part of the Russian identity. But the large Muslim population is considered as second-class Russian.

By Adam Balcer

Europe, Let’s Speak Out for LGBTI Rights in South Caucasus

LGBTI individuals and LGBTI human rights defenders in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are facing huge challenges as LGBTI rights issues are currently shaped by EU, Russia, and South Caucasus geopolitical and economic interests. Could the European Neighbourhood Policy and other EU foreign policy initiatives contribute to the improvement of the LGBTI rights situation in the region?
By Carlotta Weber