The rapid development of Indonesia’s palm oil industry, particularly over the last four decades, which to some extent has been ‘development at all costs’, has generated significant revenues but has caused simultaneously massive environmental degradation. Human rights violations in palm oil plantations are also widely documented.
Indonesia is the world’s largest palm oil producer and exporter. Human rights are being violated in the plantations and the rising exploitation for renewable energy and biofuels brings further violence and criminalisation. How can the EU contribute to a sustainable palm oil production in Indonesia to best preserve nature and human rights?