This debate’s assessment of energy policies led by France and Germany reveals that the idea of a European energy transition carried by the French-German duo is not evident. Yet, they could and should promote a European leadership advocating three common objectives: 1) to change the energy production mix, 2) to reduce the dependency of the European Union on exporting regions, and 3) to give consistency to the climate policy.
Date of Publication
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union and GEF
Number of Pages