“Energiewende” or “nuclear energy”? From coexistence to a common vision for European renewable energy.


This debate’s assessment of energy policies led by France and Germany reveals that the idea of a European energy transition carried by the French-German duo is not evident. Yet, they could and should promote a European leadership advocating three common objectives: 1) to change the energy production mix, 2) to reduce the dependency of the European Union on exporting regions, and 3) to give consistency to the climate policy.

Product details
Date of Publication
November 2013
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union and GEF
Number of Pages