Rebuilding the Neighbourhood

The eastern and southern neighbourhood of the European Union are in turmoil. The conflicts at the EU’s eastern and southern borders no longer stop there. Refugees and migrants are entering the EU on an unprecedented scale. Terrorist attacks and threats related to conflicts in the southern neighbourhood have reached EU soil.

The EU’s neighbourhood policy has miserably failed. A new ENP is in the making, but as the EU is struggling to deal with these new challenges it has to face its own erosion process. How can an unstable EU contribute to the stabilisation and the rebuilding of its neighbourhood? How do people in the neighbourhood see the European Union and the state it is in? What are their expectations?

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Europe is unique amongst continents in that it has an outlying neighbourhood – indeed that it has divergent neighbourhoods in close proximity.

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Europe is neither poor nor weak. The EU and the Member States have the means to ensure their citizens’ security, freedom and prosperity, if only they muster the will and the unity to do so.

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By 2016 the eastern neighbourhood of the European Union (EU) has turned into a region of intercultural conflicts, interstate wars and authoritarian experiments betraying the bright hopes for continental cooperation, freedom and peace of the early 1990s.

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The history of EU-Ukraine relations tells of missed opportunities and of unfilled expectations and risks to put the EU's credibility at stake.

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The South Caucasus is an extraordinarily complex region in many ways. The EU maintains relationships with the region for over two decades but a clear strategic vision is missing.

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The three South Caucasus countries have taken different routes towards integration into the European Union. The different approaches obstruct a common action for further integration into the EU.

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The big challenge facing the EU is how it can reconcile its new policy of promoting stabilisation and security in the Middle East with human rights and democratisation.

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The European Neighbourhood Policy is assessed by its annual Progress Reports. This article aims to complete its findings by interviews with researchers and practitioners from the ground.

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The occupation of the Palestinian territory raises questions for the European Neighbourhood Policy. A number of practical steps are required for a way forward

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The European Neighbourhood Policy's engagement for a two state solution proves to be outdated. Its revitalisation could form an integral part of international efforts to resolve the conflict.

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Over the last few years since the Arab revolts, we have learnt that the EU should not sacrifice its values in exchange for stability, especially bearing in mind that those values will produce stability in the long run.

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The new European Neighbourhood Policy, as introduced in November 2015, provides a framework in which to discuss Moroccan migration policies as well as the impact of European migration policies on the affected migrants.

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This dossier reflects the view only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.