Hungary and the European Union 1989-2014 – a Success Story?

For many years Hungary appeared to be the model pupil amongst EU candidate countries.  It was the only Eastern Bloc country that managed political transformation by means of an evolutionary process, albeit with the former communist party playing the most important role. Domestic events of recent years are evidence of a radically different picture.  Doubts about EU integration can no longer be ignored in Hungarian politics.

By Krisztián Ungváry

Poland, Europe and Forgiveness as a Political Strategy after World War II

“Are Poles good Europeans?”, “Will Poland finally return to Europe?” – these questions, as strange as they may sound to today’s readers, were seriously raised ten years ago, when Poland was about to become a member of the EU. After that decade, Poland has become a completely different country.

By Karolina Wigura

A European Year of Remembrance: An Introduction

A European Year of Remembrance is about much more than the First World War, but it is also about its legacy. For above all, it is about the people of Europe. The people of Europe are those who we are commemorating in this project.

By Ilana Bet-El

2014: A European Year of Remembrance

The Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung European Union has asked authors from various European countries to write about what these various historical dates mean for the presence and future of Europe.